Career options for Computer Science Graduates
Now that results of the XIIth Boards have been released, students are scrambling to enroll themselves in the most popular courses and highly sought after study programs in India and abroad.
For science students engineering in Computer science is considered the most ‘in-demand’ field of study. There are 2 reasons for it, one – this field opens the door to numerous opportunities and a host of world class companies like Facebook, Google, Amazon hire computer engineers. Secondly ‘This is the ‘In’ field to study with the high cut off marks required for each college and entrance.
The most common questions in the minds of these young guns are ‘What are the highest paying jobs after Computer Science’ and ‘What are the best job roles after Computer Science’.
This field of study offers a host of career opportunities - much in demand in the current scope of things. Below is a bird’s eye view of what are the options after a degree in Computer science.
1. Become a Software Developer –
A software developer needs to create innovative software programs and applications for varied purposes and functionalities. They work right from conception, design to creation of the computer programs in close consultation with computer programmers.
Skills Needed - One needs to love coding to pursue further in this field. The core skills needed are knowledge of multiple programming languages like Java, C,C++, Python, Scala and many more.
Industry Demand -Typical employers of Software developers are - software development companies, financial services companies, banks, Infrastructure and cloud product companies. According to research conducted, 25.6 percent employment growth is predicted for software developers between 2018 and 2028.
Salary- The average salary of a Software Developer is Rs 5,10,000 Per Annum (according to Glassdoor) and one needs to be ready to take up extensive coding to remain at the top of the game.
2. Become a Data Scientist –
Data Scientist and known for making the most of complex data and deriving output from hidden data patterns. They would not only need to use their technical skills but also their business understanding to analyze, process and interpret the results to offer actionable insights.
Skills needed- A Data Scientist needs to be well versed with Machine Learning techniques, tools like Tensorflow, Python and a keen understanding of Artificial Intelligence. Students or Professionals who want to take up data Science as careers need to have an understanding of Statistics, Mathematics and Computer Sciences. Taking up a course in Data Science helps students grasp the latest technologies and tools required in the industry like Excel, SQl, Python, Tensorflow, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.
Industry Demand- This field of study is now being used in each and every industry starting from IT/ITES, Healthcare, E commerce, Consulting and clients are ready to pay huge salaries to skilled candidates.
Salary- According to Glassdoor the average salary of a Data Scientist is around Rs 9,81,000 Per Annum higher than any of the other options for computer science graduates.
3. Become an Ethical hacker –
In the world of computing a good guy is known as the white cap and the bad guy is known as the ‘black cap’. An ethical hacker or the ‘white cap’ makes sure that computer networks are safe from unethical hackers. The way they do it by attempting to hack every program and trying to find loopholes in them. Their work involves maintaining firewalls, security protocols and encrypting sensitive information.
Industry Demand - The huge amount of data being processed everyday also gives rise to online hacking and frauds. The demand for Ethical hackers is growing at a rapid pace. It is projected to grow by 32% between 2018 to 2028. Not only large companies but prestigious colleges like MIT, the Army, NSA and many other government institutions hire top notch ethical hackers.
Skills Needed - Basic Programming languages like Java, Python and SQL, Computer Networking and Basic IT skills. Sound Knowledge of database systems and operating languages are a must. Another skill for an ethical hacker is to think out of the box and high on creativity in order to predict breaches into systems.
Salary - Average salary for an ethical hacker is 6,22,000 Per Annum in India (according to Glassdoor).
4.Become an Application Developer –
The world now looks at the world wide web through their mobiles phones. Hence the demand for App developers is also on the rise. Apps can be as varied as banking application apps to gaming apps – making this field a huge hit among youngsters.
Industry Demand - In 2018, these skills were required to create mobile apps that were downloaded by 205.4 billion people. That figure is projected to rise to 258.2 billion downloads by 2022. From food delivery apps to ecommerce websites to cab aggregators, the demand doesn't seem to be looking back.
Skills Needed - Most employers look for professionals with at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science or software engineering. Students with a high level of programming and technical skills including tools like Java, SQL, HTML can do well as an Application Developer.
Salary- Average salary for Application developers (according to Glassdoor) is Rs 5,40,000 Per Annum.
5. Become a Database Administrator -
Every day, we create an estimated 2.5 quintillion of data and this amount is increasing every day. This paves the way for huge demand for professionals whose roles include capacity planning, installation, configuration, database design, migration, performance monitoring, security, troubleshooting, as well as backup and data recovery.
Industry Demand- Employment of database administrators is projected to grow 9 percent from 2018 to 2028. Growth in this occupation will be driven by the increased data needs of companies across the economy. (Source - US Bureau of Labour Statistics)
Skills Needed - The skills needed are database design and database modeling, getting certified in database management systems like Oracle, Microsoft SQL, IBM DB2, MySQL and Linux
Salary- According to Glassdoor, the average salary for a database administrator is Rs 7,00,000 Per Annum in India.
6. Become a Computer Systems Analyst -
A systems analyst is entrusted with the job of incorporating new technology into an organisation, making sure that current IT systems are updated and offer the best benefit to cost value. Their Job includes researching new software's, analyzing costs, identifying IT needs of clients/ organisation and installation and testing of new systems.
Industry Demand - According to the US Bureau of labour statistics, Employment of computer systems analysts is projected to grow 9 percent from 2018 to 2028.
Skills Needed - Not only do they have to be strong at their hard IT skills but also soft skills like interpersonal skills, problem solving and critical thinking skills.
Salary - According to Glassdoor the average base salary of a systems analyst in India is Rs 7,10,000 Per Annum.
7. Become a Computer Programmer -
They work on identification of glitches, streamlining codes and creating and testing codes and working hand in hand with software developers. There are a lot of similarities between the skills required by computer programmers and software developers however the difference is that software developers tend to look at the bigger picture.
Industry Demand- According to the US Bureau of Labour Statistics, demand for computer Programmers is projected to decline by 7% over 2018 to 2028
Skills Needed- This field is all about programming and coding. Most employers, however, require programmers to hold at least a bachelor's degree in a field such as computer science, mathematics or information systems. Typical courses in a computer programming program cover programming logic, system design and development, programming languages, database management and structured query language (SQL).
Salary - According to glassdoor the average salary of a computer programmer is Rs 4,24,000 Per Annum.
Computer science is the most sought after field in engineering and rightly so. The rate at which the world is moving towards digital transformation, makes this field achieve utmost importance in the eyes of recruiters, corporates and all industries across the world.